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You & Five-O, LLC City of Kinston Report Findings

Disproportionate Minority Contact Grant Phase 1

You & Five-O for the period of October 2018-October 2019


This information is the result of pre/post surveys given to participants in the You & Five-O presentations/workshops. This is a summary of the results of the surveys given during this first phase of the grant for the City of Kinston. Detailed analysis and the survey instrument is available upon request. Dr. M. Michaux Parker of Indiana East University is the creator of the survey instrument and analyzes the results.


The Disproportionate Minority Contact grant deliverable performed by You & Five-O:

● 215 participants

● 81.8% were 18 years old or younger

● Before the program:

○ On a scale of 1 to 10, the participants rated their awareness of personal rights as 6.322.

○ On a scale of 1 to 10, the participants rated their average level of comfort during police interactions as 5.95.

○ On a scale of 1 to 10, the participants rated their defiance as 4.05.


● Results from the survey showed that as participants’ awareness of their rights increased, their comfort with the law increased.

● Results from the survey showed that as individual defiance increased, comfort with law enforcement decreased.

● Results also showed that as the participants’ education increase, their level of comfort during interactions with police officers increased.

● After the program:

○ 22.15% increase in awareness of rights after participating in the You & Five-O program.

○ 4% increase in level of comfort with law enforcement after participating in the You & Five-O program.


*This is our most recent analysis. Other data using the same survey instrument are available*

safety workshop

The You & Five-O program is a necessary educational component that candidly creates a logical roadmap for people to safely interact with law enforcement. The Durham Police Department is a community-oriented policing agency that strives to build mutual trust, respect and cooperation with our residents. Our department found great value in our partnership with You & Five-O, and we support the principles and objectives of the program.

- Cerelyn "C.J." Davis, Former Durham City Police Chief



*Dr. Tonya Van Deinse prepared this brief report to summarize the results of the You & Five O pilot test. She is a researcher & faculty member at UNC Chapel Hill and works on a number of research & evaluation projects related to the criminal justice system however, her work on this evaluation was independent of her role at the university.

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pre-release program

pilot police training

You & Five-O launched a training specifically for law enforcement in Kinston, N.C.


The training was created at the request of Interim Chief Jenee Spencer and her leadership team. YFO has been working with the Kinston PD since 2018. Most of the work in Kinston has been holding workshops with community members on how to safely interact with police. Chief Spencer and her team understood that YFO was telling their community how to interact with police, and the community was also telling YFO how they felt about their officers and policing in general. YFO created the police training with the approval of the Chief and her leadership team.


The training was done over five days in June 2022. The results of the training were 90% approval of impact and delivery. Kinston PD is 75 sworn, most agencies across the country are smaller. The City of Kinston demographics: 68% African American, 25% White.

The Kinston Police Department is 70% male and white. Chief Spencer and her leadership understand that her organization will represent policing in the 21st Century. In order to do this, uncomfortable conversation and discussions have to happen - not only at the level of police executives, but for officers who are delivering direct service to the community.


*The evaluation instrument was created and analyzed by YFO team member Dr. M. Michaux Parker, Ph.D Criminologist of Indiana University East*


Have questions? We'd love to hear from you

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